First Generation, Second Generation & Beyond??
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A true American Cockapoo originates from the cross breeding of a pure bred American Cocker Spaniel and a pure bred French Poodle.  The resulting offspring are all 50% American Cocker Spaniel and 50% French Poodle.  Let's represent this breeding in a Punnett Square that we used in high school biology.  Representing the cocker spaniel parent with a CC and the poodle parent with a PP and distributing it into the Punnett Square, we can see that 100% of the offspring will have one gene for each trait (height, weight, coat color, coat consistency, muzzle shape, etc.) from each parent and are considered first generation or F1 cockapoos.  The result will mean that each of the offspring will, at maturity, display the more desirable traits from both parental breeds (i.e. nonshedding coats of a poodle, a rounder, broader face and muzzle from the cocker, etc.).  These offspring would be considered first generation or F1 cockapoos. 


Parent dogs
C
C
P
CP
CP
P
CP
CP
= CC
= PP
Offspring 100% CP or first generation (F1) cockapoo
Keep in mind that while the F1 cockapoo displays the more desirable traits of each parent dog, it still carries the alleles for other characteristics in its dna (i.e. the alleles for the cocker's shedding coats, the allele for the poodle's sharper, more angled muzzle, etc are still present in the F1 cockapoo's dna, even if those traits are not displayed.)  This also applies to health concerns.   The risk of hereditary health issues that are prone to the individual breeds are significantly reduced in the crossing based on the same principle as the physical characteristics previously discussed. .  So what happens when a first generation cockapoo is bred to an unrelated first generation cockapoo?  Time to go back to high school biology and use the Punnett Square again. 
Parent dogs
C
P
C
CC
CP
P
CP
PP
= CP
= CP
Resulting off spring would be 2nd generation or F2 cockapoos.
25% CC offspring that will present more cocker characteristics
25% PP offspring that will present more poodle characteristics
50% CP offspring that will present as true cockapoo blend of both breeds
The offspring of two first generation cockapoos are referred to as second generation cockapoos or F2 cockapoos and there seems to be much disinformation regarding an F2 cockapoo.  You can see from the Punnett Square that beyond first generation, statistically on average 25% of adult offspring could be more "poodley" or  25% of adult offspring could be more "cockery" and 50%  could potentially be as nice a blend of the poodle and the cocker as a first generation.  How do you know if a puppy will have the appearance of one or the other when it matures into an adult?  You don't.  A seasoned breeder MIGHT be able to predict with some degree of accuracy, but probably couldn't guarantee.  Also there are the hereditary health concerns that are inherent to the pure breeds to consider.  Once you get more poodle traits or more cocker traits in a dog, you will also have to be more concerned with the poodle health issues or the cocker health issues that are inherent to those particular breeds that could be problematic in a puppy or could surface later in a mature dog.   In other words, the overall better health achieved in a hybrid could potentially be lost in the second generation crosses and  beyond.  While this is a bit of a simplification of the genetic processes involved, this is science.  Not opinion.

Selective breeding for many generations (at least 12) could eventually mask the undesirable traits.   It would take years of selective breeding and "fine tuning" to reach the ultimate goal.  It would take a breeder who could pick out the best of the best  for breeding dogs when the puppies are still very young.  Even then, the hereditary health factors would more likely become an issue in some of the second generation and beyond offspring, that would not necessarily surface in first generation offspring.  Therefore, I have chosen to spend my time and energy selectively breeding cocker spaniels and poodles only in order to produce healthy,  loving companion first generation cockapoos.  I believe you get a more consistent look, even temperament and overall healthier puppies.  That last sentence is my opinion and you will find breeders who directly oppose that opinion.  However, most of those cannot back up their opinion with the science/biology/genetics/statistics....
First Generation
or F1 cockapoo
First Generation
or F1 cockapoo
God bless &
support
our troops
Tonia & Mike Hatcher
662-289-1100
Attala County Cockapoos